Vermont wild turkeys were almost extinct until the ’70s
VERMONT — One of our native wildlife species historically played an important role on Thanksgiving Day. North America’s native wild turkeys were the ancestors of the Thanksgiving turkey on our dinner table.
Originally found only in the wild, turkeys now exist as meat-producing domesticated derivatives — the broad-breasted white, broad-breasted bronze, white Holland, Bourbon red, and a host of other breeds — all of them descended from our native wild turkey.
Wild turkeys exist throughout Vermont today, but that wasn’t always the case. Wild turkeys disappeared from Vermont in the mid-to-late 1800s due to habitat destruction and unregulated shooting. The land was cleared for farming, and only 25 percent of the state was covered by forest.
The wild turkeys we see in Vermont today originated from just 31 wild turkeys stocked in Rutland County by the Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department in 1969 and 1970. Vermont’s forest habitat was once again capable of supporting turkeys. State wildlife biologists moved groups of these birds northward, and today Vermont’s population of turkeys is estimated to be about 50,000.
This is just one of many wildlife restoration success stories we can be thankful for in 2015. Funding for Vermont’s wild turkey restoration was derived from the sale of hunting licenses and a federal tax on hunting equipment.